What Happened To The Sudetenland As A Result Of The Munich Agreement

On September 30.m at 11:45 p.m..m., 11 a.m., after the Czechoslovak government agreed to the Munich terms, Poland issued an ultimatum to the Czechoslovak government. [78] He called for the immediate evacuation of Czechoslovak troops and police and gave Prague time until noon the next day. On October 1 at 11:45 a.m..m.m., the Czechoslovak Foreign Ministry called the Polish ambassador in Prague at 11.m and told him that Poland could have anything it wanted, but then asked for a 24-hour delay. On October 2, the Polish Army under the command of General Władysław Bortnowski annexed an area of 801.5 km² with a population of 227,399 people. Administratively, the annexed area was divided between Frysztat County and Cieszyn County. [79] At the same time, Slovakia lost 10,390 km² to Hungary with 854,277 inhabitants. Czechoslovakia was informed by Britain and France that it could either resist Nazi Germany alone or submit to the prescribed annexations. The Czechoslovak government, recognizing the desperation of fighting the Nazis alone, reluctantly capitulated (30 September) and agreed to abdicate to the agreement. The colony gave Germany the Sudetenland from October 10 and de facto control of the rest of Czechoslovakia, as long as Hitler promised not to go any further. On September 30, after a break, Chamberlain went to Hitler`s house and asked him to sign a peace treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany. After Hitler`s interpreter translated it for him, he happily accepted.

It was once said that the first victim of war is the truth; but there are countries where the truth is killed long before the war begins. During the war between Russia and Japan, as a dramatic sign of the dense ignorance of the Russian peasants, we were told that there were villages where no one knew that a war was going on; this has been cited as an illustration of the primitive state of Russian civilization. Today, the most alarming fact is the ignorance of the most educated peoples, an ignorance that is the result of a conscious policy of their leaders. On September 30, 1938, after only one day, an agreement was reached. The Sudetenland was annexed to Czechoslovakia. This agreement was called the Munich Pact. One aspect of the enormous turmoil of the past two weeks must affect anyone looking beyond their history. In the three most powerful states of Central and Eastern Europe, people were not allowed to know what was being said and done outside. In Russia, there seems to have been very little news. In Germany and Italy, news was deliberately falsified if it was not suppressed. The German people had no right to know anything about President Roosevelt`s message.

The Italian people were led to believe that Chamberlain agreed with Hitler and was only concerned with putting pressure on Benes. They received a bad version of one of his speeches. The Czechoslovak government hoped that Britain and France would come to its aid in the event of an invasion, but British Prime Minister Chamberlain was anxious to avoid war. Between 15 and 30 September, he made three trips to Germany to see Hitler. The last one in Munich led to large parts of Czechoslovakia under the Nazi regime. Britain and France would not support the Czech resistance. American historian William L. . .

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